Summary of Board Decisions
Summary of Board decisions are provided for the information and convenience of constituents who want to follow the Board’s deliberations. All of the conclusions reported are tentative and may be changed at future Board meetings. Decisions are included in an Exposure Draft for formal comment only after a formal written ballot. Decisions in an Exposure Draft may be (and often are) changed in redeliberations based on information provided to the Board in comment letters, at public roundtable discussions, and through other communication channels. Decisions become final only after a formal written ballot to issue an Accounting Standards Update.
December 18, 2013 FASB Board Meeting
Not-for-Profit Financial Reporting—Financial Statements. The Board continued deliberations and tentatively decided to improve the reporting of expenses for all not-for-profit entities (NFPs) by:
- Requiring NFPs to report expenses by their nature and retaining the requirement to report expenses by function
- Continuing to allow NFPs the flexibility to present expenses by either function or nature or by both on the face of the statement of activities or within the notes
- Requiring NFPs to provide an analysis of all expenses by function and by nature in one location, in the statement of activities, a separate statement of expenses (currently called a statement of functional expenses), or a schedule in the notes. That analysis would include all expenses, both operating and nonoperating, and would neither require nor preclude functionalization of nonoperating expenses. Although this analysis would typically be provided in the form of a matrix, that specific format would not be required.
For voluntary health and welfare organizations that are currently required to present expenses by function and by nature in a matrix format in the statement of functional expenses, the decisions reached would allow them the same presentation and disclosure flexibility as other NFPs in how they communicate information about expenses.
Transfers and Servicing—Repurchase Agreements and Similar Transactions. The Board continued redeliberations of its January 2013 Exposure Draft, Transfers and Servicing (Topic 860): Effective Control for Transfers with Forward Agreements to Repurchase Assets and Accounting for Repurchase Financings (“proposed Update”). The Board discussed the feedback received in limited outreach meetings on its tentative decisions reached during redeliberation.
Accounting for Repurchase-to-Maturity Transactions
The Board affirmed its proposal in the proposed Update that a repurchase-to-maturity transaction on a held-to-maturity security would not taint an entity’s held-to-maturity portfolio.
Substantially-the-Same Criterion for Effective Control
After considering feedback received related to determining whether a transfer of an existing mortgage-backed security and a forward repurchase of a To Be Announced (TBA) security are substantially the same, the Board decided to not move forward with implementation guidance based on the presence of trade stipulations. In addition, the Board decided to make no changes to the guidance on substantially the same as part of this project. The Board decided that it would consider whether to pursue any amendments to substantially the same separately from this project.
Disclosures: Transfers of Financial Assets Accounted for as a Sale (Set 1)
At the October 2, 2013 Board meeting, the Board decided to require new disclosures for transactions that comprise a transfer of financial assets to a transferee and an agreement done in contemplation of the initial transfer with the same transferee that results in the transferor retaining substantially all of the exposure to the return of the transferred financial asset throughout the term of the transaction. The Board decided to require disclosure of the following information necessary to understand the nature of the transactions, the transferor’s continuing exposure to the transferred financial assets, and the presentation of the components of the transaction in the financial statements:
- The carrying amounts of assets derecognized as of the date of the initial transfer in transactions for which an agreement with the transferee remains outstanding at the reporting date, by type of transaction (for example, repurchase agreement, securities lending, sale and total return swap, and so forth). If the amounts have changed significantly from prior periods or are not representative of the activity throughout the period, a discussion of the reasons for the change should be disclosed.
- Information about the transferor’s ongoing exposure to the transferred financial assets by type of transaction
- A description of the arrangements that result in the transferor retaining exposure to the transferred financial assets by type of transaction
- The risks related to the transferred financial assets to which the transferor continues to be exposed after the transfer
- As of the reporting date, the following amounts to provide users of financial statements with information about the reporting entity’s maximum exposure to financial assets that are not recognized in its statement of financial position:
- The fair value of assets derecognized by the transferor for transactions described in paragraph (1) by type of transaction
- Amounts recorded in the statement of financial position arising from the transaction by type of transaction in paragraph (1), for example, the carrying value or fair value of forward repurchase agreements or swap contracts. To the extent these amounts are captured in the derivative disclosure requirements under paragraph 815-10-50-4B, an entity should provide a cross-reference to the appropriate line item in the disclosure.
Disclosures: Asset Quality Disclosures (Set 2)
At the October 2, 2013 Board meeting, the Board discussed new requirements to disclose information about the asset quality of transferred financial assets to provide financial statement users with an understanding of the risks inherent in the transferred financial assets. The disclosures discussed by the Board would have required separate presentation of the following information for transfers of financial assets for which an agreement with the transferee remains outstanding at the balance sheet date that are accounted for as both sales and secured borrowings, by type of transaction:
- A disaggregation of the gross proceeds/gross obligation arising from the transaction by the class of financial assets that were transferred in accordance with paragraph 820-10-50-2B
- The fair value of the financial assets transferred for each class of financial assets
- Weighted-average contractual duration for each class of financial assets
- A qualitative discussion of any obligation arising from a decline in the fair value of the transferred financial assets.
At today’s meeting, the Board decided to require the disclosure of asset quality information described in items (1)-(4) above; however, the Board decided to limit the scope of the disclosure to repurchase agreements and securities lending transactions that are accounted for as secured borrowings only. Additionally, the Board tentatively decided to require disclosure of the tenor (maturity profile) of the agreement.
Transition Method, Effective Date, and Early Adoption
The Board discussed transition methods and affirmed its previous decision to require a cumulative-effect approach for all changes in accounting. The Board also affirmed its previous decision not to require additional transition disclosures beyond those that are already required by Topic 250, Accounting Changes and Error Corrections.
The Board decided that for public business entities, the changes would be effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2014. For all other entities, the changes would be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2014, and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015.
The Board decided not to allow early adoption for a public business entity. However, the Board decided that an entity other than a public business entity may elect to apply the requirements for interims periods beginning after December 15, 2014, as required for a public business entity.
This meeting marks the completion of the Board’s discussions on the project. The Board directed the staff to draft a final Accounting Standards Update for vote by written ballot.
Accounting for Financial Instruments—Classification and Measurement. The Board continued its redeliberations of the Exposure Draft discussing the financial reporting complexity of the proposed contractual cash flow characteristics assessment (also known as the solely payment of principal and interest [SPPI] model) to determine the classification and measurement of financial assets. The Board decided it would not continue to pursue the SPPI model for assessing the contractual cash flow characteristics of financial assets.
In light of that decision, the Board discussed the accounting for embedded derivative features in hybrid financial assets and decided to retain the bifurcation requirements in current U.S. GAAP.
The Board directed the staff to perform additional analysis of whether the Board should develop a new approach for using a cash flow characteristics assessment model to determine the classification and measurement of a host contract that remains after the bifurcation of embedded derivative(s) in hybrid financial assets, hybrid financial assets with an embedded derivative that does not require bifurcation, and all other financial assets (for example, financial assets not within the scope of Topic 815 on derivatives and hedging).
The staff will bring to the Board at a future meeting an analysis of a new cash flow characteristics assessment model, as well as further analysis of the proposed business model assessment and potential alternatives.
Accounting for Financial Instruments: Impairment. The Board discussed the next steps on the credit impairment project and decided to continue to refine the Current Expected Credit Loss (CECL) model in the proposed Accounting Standards Update, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Subtopic 825-15).