Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit EntitiesLast updated on June 17, 2016. Please refer to the Current Technical Plan for information about the expected release dates of exposure documents and final standards.
(Updated sections are indicated with an asterisk *)
The staff has prepared this summary of Board decisions for information purposes only. Those Board decisions are tentative and do not change current accounting. Official positions of the FASB are determined only after extensive due process and deliberations.
Due Process Documents
*Decisions Reached at Last Meeting
*Summary of Decisions Reached to Date
*Board/Other Public Meeting Dates
Project Objective(s)The objective of this project is to reexamine existing standards for financial statement presentation by not-for-profit entities (NFP), focusing on improving:
- Net asset classification requirements
- Information provided in financial statements and notes about liquidity, financial performance, and cash flows.
Due Process DocumentsOn April 22, 2015, the Board issued an Exposure Draft of the proposed Accounting Standards Update, Not-for-Profit Entities (Topic 958) and Health Care Entities (Topic 954), for public comment (press release). The comment period ended as of August 20, 2015.
FASB in Focus provides a concise summary of the proposed Accounting Standards Update.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the Exposure Draft of the proposed Accounting Standards Update are being provided by the FASB staff for informational purposes. They address common questions that have been raised about the proposed changes and relate to matters that the Board is likely to be considering or reconsidering during its redeliberations of the proposals. To date the staff has issued the following FAQs:
*Decisions Reached at Last Meeting (June 1, 2016)The staff reported on various issues identified during the drafting and external review process of the forthcoming final Accounting Standards Update, Not-for-Profit Entities (Topic 958): Presentation of Financial Statements for Not-for-Profit Entities. The Board discussed three of those issues:
- Presentation of the net investment return within the statement of activities
- Inclusion of investment expenses that have been netted against investment return in the analysis of expenses by nature and function
- Disclosure of unrealized gains and losses on equity securities.
Presentation of the Net Investment Return within the Statement of Activities
The Board decided to permit a not-for-profit entity (NFP) to present its net investment return managed differently or derived from different sources in multiple line items within the statement of activities, if appropriately labeled. For example, if an NFP has net investment return generated from operating cash, it may present that return separately from net investment return generated from its endowment. Similarly, an NFP may present the amounts of net investment return appropriated for spending separate from net investment return in excess of amounts appropriated for spending. The Board also affirmed that higher education institutions would no longer be required to display an investment return of the “other investment portfolio” separately from other components of net investment return.
Inclusion of Investment Expenses That Have Been Netted against Investment Return in the Analysis of Expenses by Nature and Function
The forthcoming final Accounting Standards Update requires an NFP to disclose an analysis of expenses by nature and function. The Board decided to preclude an NFP from including investment expenses that have been netted against investment return in that analysis.
Disclosure of Unrealized Gains and Losses on Equity Securities
The Board decided to eliminate the requirement that an NFP disclose the portion of unrealized gains and losses for the period that relates to equity securities still held at the reporting date, as required under Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments—Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities.
Expected Benefits, Costs, and Complexities of the Final Accounting Standards Update
The Board concluded that the overall expected benefits of the financial reporting changes justify the expected costs of preparing and using the information.
The staff is finalizing the draft of the forthcoming Accounting Standards Update and the Board plans to issue the final Accounting Standards Update in the summer of 2016.
*Summary of Decisions Reached to Date (June 16, 2016)Please see the linked PDF for a summary of decisions reached to date.
*Next StepsThe staff is finalizing the draft of the forthcoming Accounting Standards Update and the Board plans to issue the final Accounting Standards Update in the summer of 2016.
*Board/Other Public Meeting DatesThe Board meeting minutes are provided for the information and convenience of constituents who want to follow the Board’s deliberations. All of the conclusions reported are tentative and may be changed at future Board meetings. Decisions become final only after a formal written ballot to issue a final standard.
|*June 1, 2016||Board Meeting—Sweep Issues and Expected Benefits, Costs, and Complexities of the Final Accounting Standards Update|
|March 30, 2016||Board Meeting—Transition, Effective Date, and Early Adoption|
|March 23, 2016||Board Meeting—Functional Expenses and Analysis of Expenses by Function and Nature|
|March 2, 2016||Board Meeting—Disclosures about Operating Measures by those NFPs That Choose to Present Such a Measure, and Information Useful in Assessing Liquidity and Availability of Resources|
|February 3, 2016||Board Meeting—Investment Return, Disclosure of Investment Expenses, Analysis of Expenses by Function and Nature, Enhanced Disclosures about Cost Allocations, and Enhanced Guidance Concerning Management and General Activities|
|December 11, 2015||Board Meeting—Statement of Cash Flows: Methods of Presenting Operating Cash Flows, Net Asset Classification Scheme and Related Issues, and Information Useful in Assessing Liquidity|
|October 28, 2015||Board Meeting—Summary of Feedback, Redeliberation Plan|
|October 6, 2015||Public Roundtable—Los Angeles, CA|
|September 21, 2015||Public Roundtable (Morning)—Norwalk, CT
Public Roundtable (Afternoon)—Norwalk, CT
|April 7, 2015||Board Meeting—Comment Period Length|
|March 4, 2015||Board Meeting—Overall Benefits, Costs, and Complexities and Permission to Ballot|
|February 25, 2015||Board Meeting—Sweep Issues, Transition, Indication of Effective Date, Comment Period Length, and Update on Overall Benefits, Costs, and Complexities|
|October 8, 2014||Board Meeting—Consideration of Benefits, Costs, and Complexities, including Alternatives to Reduce Complexities related to Capital-like Transactions and Board Designations, Appropriations, and Transfers|
|August 27, 2014||Board Meeting—Note Disclosures on Salaries and Benefits Expense, Cost-Allocation, and Tax-Exempt Status|
|July 23, 2014||Board Meeting—Capital-Like Transactions; Intersection of NFPFS Project with Financial Performance Reporting Research Project|
|June 18, 2014||Board Meeting—Clarification of the Board’s Tentative Decision: Presentation and Disclosure of Investment Expenses; Capital-Like Transactions; Note Disclosures of Not-for-Profit Entities|
|May 28, 2014||Board Meeting—Presentation and Disclosure of Information about Liquidity|
|May 14, 2014||Board Meeting—Presentation and Disclosure of Investment Expenses, Foundation Outreach, and Health Care Outreach and Performance Indicator|
|March 12, 2014||Board Meeting—Presentation and Disclosure of Liquidity|
|February 26, 2014||Board Meeting—Presentation of Revenues, Expenses, and Other Changes in Net Assets; Presentation and Disclosure of Investment Expenses|
|December 18, 2013||Board Meeting—The Statement of Functional Expenses|
|December 11, 2013||Education Session—The Statement of Functional Expenses|
|October 23, 2013||Board Meeting—The Statement of Cash Flows|
|October 2, 2013||Education Session—Liquidity and The Statement of Cash Flows|
|September 4, 2013||Board Meeting—Net Asset Classes: Classification and Disclosure Requirements|
|May 29, 2013||Education Session—Net Asset Classes: Background, Stakeholder Concerns, Plans for Revisiting the Net Asset Classes|
|May 29, 2013||Board Meeting—Operating Measure: Definition and Presentation|
|May 15, 2013||Education Session—Operating Measure: Definition (cont.)|
|March 28, 2013||Education Session—Operating Measure: Definition (cont.)|
|January 31, 2013||Education Session—Operating Measure: Background, Objectives, Definition|
|June 6, 2012||Board Meeting—Project Plan|
|May 16, 2012||Education Session—Handout|
|November 9, 2011||Board Meeting—Agenda Announcement|
Background InformationOn November 9, 2011, the FASB chairman announced (press release) the addition of two agenda projects—this standards-setting project and a research project (Not-for-Profit Financial Reporting: Other Financial Communications)—intended to improve financial reporting of not-for-profit entities. The objectives of these projects encompass suggestions received by the Board from its Not-for-Profit Advisory Committee (NAC) at the Committee’s September 2011 meeting. The staff discussed the plans and approach for both projects with the NAC at its March 2012 and September 2012 meetings. Subsequent and ongoing discussions are held with members of the project resource group as well as members of NAC. The NAC page contains handouts and minutes from the NAC meetings.
On January 29, 2014, at the Agenda prioritization meeting, the Board voted to remove Not-for-Profit Financial Reporting: Other Financial Communications project (press release). This decision and potential alternatives were discussed with NAC at its March 2014 meeting.
On October 28, 2015, the Board decided to divide its redeliberations of the proposed Update into two phases. The first phase would reconsider issues that are not dependent on other projects and are improvements that the Board might finalize in the near term. The second phase would involve reconsideration of other proposed changes that are likely to require more time to resolve because they involve consideration of alternatives suggested by stakeholders that the Board did not previously consider or that are related to similar issues being addressed in other projects.
Contact InformationRichard Cole
Supervising Project Manager
Ronald J. Bossio
Senior Project Manager
Postgraduate Technical Assistant
Postgraduate Technical Assistant