Academics: Help Us Improve Financial Reporting

Why does the FASB want to hear from academics?

The FASB’s mission is to establish and improve financial accounting and reporting standards to provide useful information to investors and other users of financial reports. The FASB accomplishes this mission through a comprehensive and independent process that encourages broad participation. The FASB seeks to be objective in its decision making and actively undertakes research and solicits stakeholder input to inform its decisions.

Research undertaken directly by the FASB tends to focus on gathering specific input on proposals through due process activities. What is learned through these activities is invaluable to the standard-setting process.

By comparison, academic research examines how the accounting profession and financial reporting affect business and markets, and how business and markets affect the accounting profession and financial reporting at a more macro-level.

Academic research is incremental and complementary to that undertaken by the FASB. With its high- level view and rigor, academic research provides unique insights, which can enhance the FASB’s understanding of an issue and aid in the development of possible solutions. Consequently, the FASB needs and wants to hear from academics.

How does the FASB consider academic perspectives or research?

The FASB considers academic perspectives and uses academic research in a variety of ways:
  • Pre-agenda research involves evaluating a potential project against FASB’s agenda criteria:
    • There is an identifiable and sufficiently pervasive need to improve GAAP
    • There are technically feasible solutions and the perceived benefits of those solutions are likely to justify the expected costs of change
    • The issue has an identifiable scope.
  • Frequently, academic research is used to help assess the significance and pervasiveness of a perceived problem in GAAP and identify potential technically feasible solutions.
  • Materials provided to the Board members to discuss in public decision-making meetings include balanced analysis of alternative solutions to a problem that analyze both the benefits and costs of each alternative, supported by information gathered through:
    • Comment letters
    • Stakeholder outreach activities
    • Reviews of relevant academic literature
    • Other means.
In addition to reading academic research, there are other ways the Board receives academic input:
  • The Financial Accounting Standards Advisory Council (FASAC), the FASB’s primary advisory group formed in 1973, comprises investors, preparers, auditors, academics, and other users of financial reporting
  • The Academic Resource Group (ARG), which was formed in 2014, comprises academics who meet periodically to provide input to the FASB on various issues
  • The Financial Reporting Policy Committee (FRPC) of the Financial Accounting and Reporting section of the American Accounting Association
  • The Financial Reporting Issues Conference (FRIC), which is an annual conference attended by academics.

FASB members and staff discuss the role academics play in the standard-setting process—
and how they may email their research to the Board at

Why is the Conceptual Framework important?

The Conceptual Framework is critical to FASB’s standard-setting process.

The objective of financial reporting—to provide financial information useful in making decisions about providing resources to an organization—is the destination standards strive to reach. The concepts comprising the framework (element definitions, measurement concepts, presentation concepts, etc.) serve to guide standards toward that destination.

The FASB’s Conceptual Framework helps the Board in setting sound financial accounting and reporting standards. For example, the framework provides the Board with theoretical guidance in selecting transactions, events, and circumstances to be accounted for, how they should be recognized and measured; and how they should be summarized and reported.

The Conceptual Framework is also a critical tool in the academic toolkit. It provides stakeholders a frame of reference for understanding the resulting standards, which is useful to students who study accounting and faculty who research and teach it.

The Conceptual Framework is not complete and consequently the FASB has an active project to refresh and complete it. Given the fundamental role the framework plays in accounting standard setting, input from members of the academic community is essential.


This book focuses on the conceptual framework developed by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to provide a foundation for financial accounting and reporting standards in the United States.

The conceptual framework is the focus of this book, but other steps are also significant parts of its subject matter. To understand what the conceptual framework is and why it developed as it did entails understanding the environment in which the principles and standards of financial reporting developed, the forces that shaped them, and how the concepts, principles, and standards relate to each other. That knowledge also helps explain the circumstance that while the idea of a conceptual framework generally has been favorably received, the standards that have resulted from its application often have met significant resistance.

Download the Special Report

More information regarding the Conceptual Framework project and opportunities to engage can be found here.

FASB Member Christine A. Botosan and FASB staff discuss the conceptual framework:
What it is, how the Board uses it, what’s coming next, and how you can get involved.

How can I find out what projects the FASB is working on?

A complete and continuously updated list of projects the FASB is working on is available on the FASB website. In addition, the FASB publishes a quarterly e-newsletter, the FASB Outlook, which is designed to inform stakeholders about key FASB projects and activities. The FASB Outlook presents current accounting and financial reporting issues in a “plain-English,” user-friendly format.

How can academics participate or submit a paper?

You can provide comments on specific projects electronically to As part of its open decision-making process, the FASB asks for public feedback on Discussion Papers, Exposure Drafts, and other proposals issued at various stages of a project. Your submission will become part of the public record.

If you would like to discuss any current FASB projects or proposed projects, you can contact Jill Switter via email or call her at (203) 847-0700.

If you would like to submit an academic paper to the FASB to be considered in standard-setting activities, please send an email to

What educational resources are available from the FASB?

Another key aspect of FASB’s mission is to educate stakeholders on how to effectively understand and implement FASB standards. The FASB recognizes and appreciates the academic community’s critical role in accounting education and undertakes many supportive activities including:
  • Hosting student visits to the FASB offices in Norwalk, CT. If you would like more information about a student visit, please contact Joe Vernuccio at (203) 847-0700.
  • Offering a FASB Speaker Request Portal that guides stakeholders, step by step, through the process of requesting FASB speakers—including criteria for the acceptance of FASB speaking invitations.
  • Publishing the quarterly FASB Outlook newsletter, which presents current accounting and financial reporting issues in a “plain-English,” user-friendly format.
  • Publishing FASB In Focus summaries of new and proposed Accounting Standards Updates.
  • Hosting free educational webcasts and webinars on a periodic basis.
  • Webcasting public meetings and providing meeting documents and minutes.
  • Offering a library of videos and podcasts, which are useful in a classroom setting.
  • Offering Action Alert, which provides real-time updates of FASB activities.
  • Partnering with the American Accounting Association to offer access to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification® to academics and students.

What Is the FASB Post-Doctoral Program?

The Post-Doctoral Fellow Program brings academic research and skills to bear in the accounting standard-setting process, with the potential to undertake research activities in other areas. The fellow is a highly-motivated Ph.D. graduate (current or within the past two-years) that serves one year on the FASB staff. The fellow obtains experience as an ad-hoc consultant on FASB projects and receives other career-enhancing benefits, including:
  • Opportunities to conduct research and publish findings
  • Access to XBRL data and training
  • Exposure to cutting edge issues – benefiting students, enhancing research relevance
  • Opportunities to develop deep institutional knowledge and a portfolio of relevant research questions, and
  • Opportunities to network with preparers, practitioners, regulators, users, and other academics at the highest levels, and earn external professional recognition.
The FASB benefits from the academic research and skills that the fellow brings to its understanding of accounting issues, including identifying relevant research and integrating results into staff analyses used as a basis for Board decision-making.

The tenure clock is expected to be suspended/delayed during the one-year period of the fellowship. Compensation is competitive with 9-month assistant professor starting salary; payable directly to the candidate (if the candidate is a FASB employee) or alternatively to the university (if the candidate is a university employee).
The FASB’s Post-Doctoral Fellowship program brings academic research and skills
to bear in the accounting standard-setting process.

Please click the button below if you are interested in applying.