ACCOUNTING STANDARDS UPDATE 2016-13, FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS—CREDIT LOSSES (TOPIC 326)
On June 16, 2016, the FASB completed its Financial Instruments—Credit Losses project by issuing Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326). The new guidance requires organizations to measure all expected credit losses for financial instruments held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts.
To that end, the new guidance:
- Eliminates the probable initial recognition threshold in current GAAP and, instead, reflects an organization’s current estimate of all expected credit losses over the contractual term of its financial assets
- Broadens the information that an entity can consider when measuring credit losses to include forward-looking information
- Increases usefulness of the financial statements by requiring timely inclusion of forecasted information in forming expectations of credit losses
- Increases comparability of purchased financial assets with credit deterioration (PCD assets) with other purchased assets that do not have credit deterioration as well as originated assets because credit losses that are expected will be recorded through an allowance for credit losses for all assets
- Increases users’ understanding of underwriting standards and credit quality trends by requiring additional information about credit quality indicators by year of origination (vintage)
- For available-for-sale debt securities, aligns the income statement recognition of credit losses with the reporting period in which changes occur by recording credit losses (and subsequent changes in credit losses) through an allowance rather than a write down
The new guidance affects loans, debt securities, trade receivables, net investments in leases, off-balance-sheet credit exposures, reinsurance receivables, and any other financial assets not excluded from the scope that have the contractual right to receive cash.
The effective dates for Update 2016-13 are as follows:
- Public business entities that meet the definition of an U.S. Securities and Exchange (SEC) filer, excluding entities eligible to be smaller reporting companies as defined by the SEC, for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years
- All other entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years.
To Learn More
- Read the FASB In Focus—a summary of the ASU
- Read the FASB: Understanding Costs and Benefits
- Watch Why a New Credit Losses Standard?—a video featuring FASB Chair Russ Golden and FASB Members Hal Schroeder and Marc Siegel
- Read the FASB Staff Q&A No. 1—Whether the Weighted-Average Remaining Maturity Method Is an Acceptable Method to Estimate Expected Credit Losses
- Read the FASB Staff Q&A No. 2—Developing an Estimate of Expected Credit Losses on Financial Assets
- Learn more about upcoming CECL workshops
- Visit the Transition Resource Group for Credit Losses webpage to stay up to date on implementation issues discussed and addressed by the TRG.
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Submit questions about the new requirements using our Technical Inquiry System.